Apparent authority is an interesting subject. In the common law it is at a crossroads, according to Colm Kelly. He states that ostensible authority has been pushed to its limits and therefore he sees a need to recalibrate the conception of ostensible authority. The cause of this statement was the ruling in Kelly v. Fraser which will be discussed in this article.
In the Dutch case law concerning apparent authority, much emphasis has been put on the allocation of risk. In this article I will point out various rulings by the Hoge Raad (Supreme Court NL) to show how the argumentation developed over time. I will compare the two legal systems and I will discuss Kelly v. Fraser using the Dutch concept of allocation of risk.